Hinduism is The Best Concept - 1
The sublime objective of Hinduism is to achieve union with God - the eternal spirit which is Brahman. This union is achieved not only through ritual but through common ideals of Hindu ethics: purity, self-control, detachment, truth, non-violence, charity and the deepest of compassion toward all living creatures. Hinduism shown great capacity for absorbing ideas and adapting to conditions.
Hinduism is The Best Concept - 2
Hinduism does not seek converts. No forceful or violent conversion, no religious wars with Christians, Jews, Jains, Sikhs, Buddhists, atheists occurred until Islam came to India . You can become Hindu by your own free will by accepting Bhagavad-Gita, essence of Vedas spoken by Lord Krishna as a final authority.
Hinduism is The Best Concept - 3
According to Hinduism, there are different paths to reach God, just like there are many ways to reach the top of the mountain. As you go higher, differences between them are reduced. Anyone who believes that his is the only way to reach God is full of ignorance just like a frog in a well unable to comprehend the outside world. Bhagavad-Gita suggests the following Yogas to reach God: Knowledge, Devotion, Meditation, and Karma
Hinduism is The Best Concept - 4
Vedas means knowledge. It is not only religious rituals with chanting of hymns, but it includes philosophy, astronomy, mathematics, medicine, and grammar. When philosophy is the origin of religion, it permits freedom of speech and thought, and acknowledges Atheism. Just like democracy, Hinduism accepts Atheists as equal citizens.
Hinduism is The Best Concept - 5
According to Hindu philosophy there is one GOD, an eternal, formless, supreme, all pervading spirit. Observed multiplicity in the Universe is just like the waves in the ocean - they come and go. Waves are nothing but sea water which is the only essence, just as the supreme spirit is the only essence (the underlying reality). As a Hindu, one is free to worship a formless GOD in any form and name one wish. As you progress spiritually, you will realize the absolute invisible all pervading supreme spirit. No one is between you and GOD. Religion and the holy man just give you the direction, but they are not the end. This assures individual freedom and discourages dictatorial control with its abuses.
MahaRao Shaikha (1433–1488) was a Rajput chieftain belonging to the Kachwaha clan of Amar/Jaipur. He ruled over Amar(Jaipur). The Shekhawati gets its name from him, comprising the districts of Sikar and Jhunjhunu in the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan.
Maharao Shaikha was born in B.S.1490, (A.D.1433), son of Rao Mokal Amar(Jaipur) and Rani Nirwan (Khetri). Rao Mokal was a chieftain who held the estate of Nan in fief from the ruler of Amar(Jaipur). Mokal and Nirwan were much troubled as they had no son for several years. They heard about the miraculous powers of the Shaikh Burhan, a Muslim mendicant. They decided to pay the man a visit. After they received the blessings of the Shaikh, a son was born to the couple. In honour of the mendicant, the couple named their son Shaikha.
As the Ruler
At the age of 12 year he succeeded his father in V.S.1502, A.D 1445.He was granted the title of MAHARAO by Raja Udaikaran ruler of Amar(Jaipur). The first act of his valour was his sudden attack on Napa (Sankhala Rajput) at Nagarchal, Saiwar, Multhan etc. when he was only 16 years old. From V.S.1530 to 1534, (A.D. 1473 to 1477) with the help of Panni Pathans, Rao Shekha conquered Dadri from Nop Singh Jatu and Bhiwani from Other Jatu Rajputs, Hansi from Ikhtar Khan and Hisar from Heda Khan Kaimkhanis. Thus he extended his territory and became powerful.
Establishment of Amarsar as capital
In V.S.1506, (A.D.1449) Shekha founded Amarsar other sources mention that it was founded in V.S.1517, (A.D.1460). In Amarsar Shekha built the temple of Bhagwan Jagdish and in V.S.1534, (A.D.1477), he built here the SHIKHARGARH FORT.
Conflict with Gaurs
Kolraj Gaur was ruling at Ghatwa under his commands tank was being excavated at Jhotari village and he had made a rule that any one passing that way should remove a quantity of earth from the tank. A Rajput person of Kachawa clan was returning home with his bride, the Rajput obeyed the rule and removed the earth but the Gaurs insisted that his wife should do the same.His widow went to Amarsar and placed a handful of dust before Shekha and told him the fame of the Kachawas would be tarnished if they did not take revenge upon the Gaurs. There upon, in V.S.1535, (A.D.1478) and Shekha invaded Ghatwa the battle took place at the same talab (tank), which ended with his demise because of injuries in the final battle.
Battle of Ghatwa
The Gaur Rajputs fought about 12 battles with Shekha. In the last battle, they met near Ghatwa on the “Khontiya” tank and fought fiercely. Rao Ridmal of Maroth wounded Shekha with his arrows . Nawalraj, a son of Kolraj, killed Kunwar Durga and Kunwar Puranmal, sons of Shekha.Rao Shaikha was severely wounded and before his end, he nominated Raimal as his successor. Shekha expired peacefully at Ralawata on Baisakh Sudi 3 (Akha Teej), V.S.1545, (A.D.1488), His chattri (cenotaph) was built there.Maharao Shaikha fought 52 battles in his life. He is the founder and ancestor of the Shekhawat sub-clan of Jaipur’s Kachwaha Dynasty.
Rao Shaikha, born September 24, 1433, had five Ranis (Queens), who are referred to by their maiden names (surnames), and had issue, 12 sons (8 survived) and 3 daughters.
(a) He married firstly, Taankan-ji Ganga Kumari, daughter of Nagvanshi ‘Keelhan Taank’ of Nagar-gadh, she established the Kalyanji temple facing entry of Amarsar Fort around 1516-17 V.S.
(b) married secondly, Tanwar- I, daughter of Rao Gahirmal Tanwar of Dokna
(c) married thirdly, Tanwar – II, daughter of Pichiyan Tanwar of Bayal (Ganwri)
(d) married fourthly, Gaur, daughter of Jadam Gaur of Jhunthar
(e) married fifthly, Chauhan, daughter of Rao Raja Syobrahma Chauhan of Chaubara or Chobara (Mewat, now Alwar)
Rao Shekha had 12 sons and 3 daughters.